In February, Joan Goldstein of Monroe received a panicked call for help from her wife, Lauren Goldstein. Joan found Lauren rolled up like a ball on the floor in her office bathroom. “I have never seen her sick in 15 years,” Joan said.
When Lauren couldn’t stop vomiting, Joan took her to the emergency room at St. Vincent’s Medical Center in Bridgeport, where she received fluids intravenously—“three bags,” Joan said.
But the couple’s insurance company declined to cover the bill for $3,094 “because it wasn’t a medical emergency,” said Joan, who is still contesting the decision. Just less than a year ago, the Goldsteins had switched insurers because of a premium hike.
Out-of-pocket health care costs for routine doctor exams, tests, blood work and emergency room visits, coupled with higher co-pays and insurance deductibles, are forcing consumers to make tough financial—and even lifestyle—choices.
In interviews consumers said they are delaying medical procedures, withdrawing money from retirement savings to pay bills, cutting back on big-item purchases, and even putting off planned vacations.
Data from 2007 through 2017 from the National Center for Health Statistics show enrollment in high-deductible health plans without Health Savings Account (HSA) among adults with employment-based coverage rose from 10.6 percent in 2007 to 24.5 percent in 2017 nationally. Enrollment in plans with HSA climbed 4.2 percent to 18.9 percent for the period.
In stark contrast, enrollment in traditional, non-high-deductible plans plunged from 85.1 percent to 56.6 percent.
According to the Kaiser Family Foundation, 50 percent of workers have health insurance with a deductible of at least $1,000, compared with 22 percent in 2009.
“We’ve certainly seen an increased trend toward higher deductible health plans as a way to control increasing [business] costs,” said Ken Comeau, president of the state trade association CBIA Service Corporation in Hartford.
State regulators, responding to how consumers have changed the way they manage their health and their finances, recently denied proposed rate increases.
In September, Katharine Wade, insurance commissioner, reduced the average rate increases proposed by ConnectiCare Benefits Inc. and Anthem Inc. from 12.3 percent to 2.72 percent for plans that will be sold via the state’s health insurance exchange in 2019. In August Sen. Richard Blumenthal wrote to Wade: “Any rate increase—no matter how small—can and will impact Connecticut families’ bottom line.”
“In the past people were looking at just premiums. Now they have to look at deductibles and co-pays,” said Gerald O’Sullivan, director of Consumer Affairs at the Connecticut Insurance Department, which received 37 complaints related to ER visits for the first three quarters of 2018, compared with 34 in all of 2017.
Of those complaints, 11 consumers questioned their cost shares and five complained about being denied coverage. One consumer received a “surprise bill” for an ER doctor who was not in the network covered by their insurance policy.
Overall, the Consumer Affairs division addressed 5,800 complaints and inquiries last year and helped policyholders recoup nearly $4.8 million in 2017.
While many fear losing their health care coverage, unexpected medical bills top the list of concerns in a recent Kaiser poll. Nationwide, 4 in 10 insured adults aged 18-64 said they had been blindsided with such a bill in the past year. Overall, 89 percent of Americans said they were concerned by an increase in out-of-pocket costs. A majority 71 percent of the public said hospitals charge “too much” and 70 percent said insurance companies make “too much money.”
Lara Herscovitch of Guilford, the former state troubadour, worries about the what-ifs. Her transition from a full-time employee working for nonprofits, to a full-time freelance musician has been “joyful, with one glaring exception—my out-of-pocket health care costs increased by more than 600 percent,” she said.
Herscovitch expects to end the year with $6,359 in out-of-pocket health expenses, including monthly premium payments for insurance, if there are no additional medical needs. She said she’s only been to the doctor once this year for her annual checkup. When she thought she might have contracted Lyme disease this summer, she chose not to go to her physician, waiting instead for symptoms to manifest.
“Health care costs are eating into my personal and business costs,” Herscovitch said. “I’m able to make it work right now because I’m healthy. If I got sick, it would be very different. I love Connecticut and don’t want to leave, but all my musician friends rave about affordable health care in Massachusetts, which has me wondering if I should move,” Herscovitch said.
In 2016 the per-capita out-of-pocket health care expenditure averaged $1,093 nationally. “That’s not an insignificant sum,” said Steven Lanza, professor of economics at the University of Connecticut. In comparison, up to 57 percent of Americans reported savings of less than $1,000, according to a 2017 GoBankingRates survey. The takeaway? Average Joe and Average Jane cannot afford to be sick.
Take, for example, Erin Nowak of Manchester, who went for a blood test and physical checkup earlier this year and received a bill of $681, which she had to pay out-of-pocket. “It’s the first time in my life I’ve paid for routine bloodwork,” said Nowak, who at first thought Manchester Hospital had sent her the wrong bill. Mother to a toddler with a congenital heart disease, Nowak said she paid $120 out-of-pocket for each visit to her therapist for post-partum depression until the deductible of $5,000 with her private insurer was met. She cut back on dining out and vacations to pay the bill. “Do we mothers get proper mental care after child birth?” she asked. “It’s a huge issue.”
Others, like Jake Tedford of Tolland have incurred debt despite having private insurance through his employer. Tedford in June took a loan of $5,800 at a 5 percent interest rate against his 401(k) to pay off two previous ER visits for migraine, he said, as well as a shoulder surgery in March at Rockville General Hospital.
Unexpected fees add yet another layer of costs already beleaguered consumers have to pay. Deborah Bax, 69, of Waterford has $53 debited monthly from her bank account to pay off a services fee of $948.75 charged by Lawrence + Memorial Hospital for an ER visit in June of last year. Bax, who experienced flashes of light in her eye, thought she might have a detached retina. But it turned out to be what’s called floaters or microscopic fibers.
Bax had already shelled out a co-pay of $280 for her ER visit that included ophthalmology, an ER physician, radiology diagnostics and miscellaneous medical services, according to a copy of the bill obtained by C-HIT. She was shocked, she said, when she received another bill toward fee for services.
In fact, according to new data from the Office of Health Strategy, hospitals levied an estimated $1.2 billion in outpatient facility fees between 2015 and 2017.
“I paid for the ER visit,” Bax said. “That second bill? It’s just not fair.”
This story was reported under a partnership with the Connecticut Health I-Team (c-hit.org).