Roger Charlery, best known as Ranking Roger, singer of the widely influential U.K. group The Beat — known as The English Beat in the U.S. — died Tuesday afternoon, at 56. The singer was diagnosed with brain tumors and lung cancer last year. His death was announced on the website of The Beat, and confirmed to NPR by the group's manager, Tarquin Gotch.
Charlery was born Feb. 21, 1963 in Birmingham to parents of the so-called "Windrush Generation" — a migration of citizens from the Caribbean commonwealth to the mainland that began in the late 1940s.
Charlery, who'd been drawn to the punk scene in his hometown as a teenager, ended up a drummer in punk band The Dum Dum Boys in the late '70s. Around that time, a nascent group calling itself The Beat approached Charlery and his band, asking to open for the group at an upcoming gig. Weeks after that show — at which The Beat "blew us off the stage," Charlery recalled — he left The Dum Dum Boys, becoming The Beat's frontman and toaster. ("Toasting" is, in essence, a form of reggae-rooted, if more linguistically active, scat-singing.)
Less than a year later, The Beat had reached the Top 10 of the U.K. charts with its cover of Smokey Robinson and The Miracles' song "Tears of a Clown," and "never looked back," Charlery said. The group would go on to release four more Top 10 singles and two Top 10 albums in the U.K.
The Beat went on to help transform the genre of ska, contributing to the creation of the sub-genre of two-tone — named after the label 2 Tone — which folded punk-rock structures and '80s textures into the Caribbean-rooted music. Thanks to The Beat, Madness, The Specials (whose keyboardist had founded 2 Tone Records), Bad Manners and other groups, the two-tone genre became a brief but influential cultural force. (In 1980, The Beat was banned from the BBC for two years after releasing a song in opposition to former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher called "Stand Down Margaret." One of the song's concluding lyrics: "Love and unity, the only way.")
As the group's profile waned in the U.K., its fortunes rose in the U.S. The original group's final album, 1982's Special Beat Service, was its highest-charting record stateside, but its lowest in the group's native country. (That record contained what's arguably the group's most indelible song, "Save It For Later.") In his memoir Siren Song, famed label executive Seymour Stein remembered securing the group's North American rights and putting the band on tour with Talking Heads and The Pretenders, "double bills that never failed to blow away audiences everywhere they played."
By 1983, however, The Beat had dissolved. Charlery and Beat co-founder David Wakeling formed a new group, General Public, while co-members Dave Steele and Andy Cox founded Fine Young Cannibals, which had its own run of success through the rest of the decade.
Charlery continued to work up until the very end — including a 2003 Beat reformation, which led to a fresh iteration called The New English Beat featuring Ranking Roger. At the time of his death, Charlery had recently finished work on his biography, I Just Can't Stop It, and had released a record this past January, titled Public Confidential.
"Ranking Roger was a lion, and a lovely, lovely man, and I consider myself extremely fortunate to have shared my life with him — just as all his band mates, both past and present, felt lucky to have shared the stage with him," manager Tarquin Gotch writes in an email to NPR. "We all are overcome by grief."
This article originally misidentified the "Windrush migration" as having begun in the early 1950s — it began in late 1940s.