In the lush green mountain town of Lares, Puerto Rico, even the dead and buried were scarred by Hurricane Maria.
The September 2017 storm dumped so much rain onto the town's only cemetery that it triggered a landslide. The flow of mud and water was so powerful that it damaged nearly 1,800 tombs — expelling caskets from their graves and sending some of them tumbling down a hillside.
The damage was so extensive — and so horrifying — that health officials locked the cemetery gates. They haven't been reopened in the 14 months since. And so, for the families and friends of those buried in the Lares Municipal Cemetery, every day has only brought more heartache.
"My father is in there. My grandmother is in there," said Giovanni Ramirez Santiago. "The town can't take this anymore."
Now, the town's residents are furious that officials have yet to make any repairs. And the longer they've been kept out, the more desperate they've grown to get in. They want to see the damage to their family members' tombs but are also fearful of what they'll find.
"We want to fix them up, take them flowers," said José Luis Rivera López, whose parents and sister are buried there. "But we can't. If we cross the fence, they'll arrest us."
Across Puerto Rico, people are trying to leave the traumas of Hurricane Maria behind. But doing so has been impossible because the pace of the island's reconstruction has been so slow. In Lares, the unrepaired destruction in the town's cemetery has been an especially brutal reminder of everything the storm took.
The yearning for closure — for peace of mind — has led many residents to take drastic measures. Since the start of the year, more than 50 people have gotten permits to exhume the cadavers of their loved ones and take them away, according to figures provided by Puerto Rico's health department.
"I still love her ... So I got her out of there"
Sotero Viera and his wife, Nereida Maldonado, were among them.
After the hurricane, Viera tried for more than two months to get into the cemetery so he could cover the tomb of his daughter Madeline, who was 24 when she died, with a blue plastic tarp. But the cemetery's administrators wouldn't let him in.
Finally, last December, Viera had had enough. He forced his way past the worker in charge of keeping people out. She called the police.
"I told her, 'Go ahead and call the police,' " Viera said. "You can call the governor. You can call the president. But I am going to go check on my daughter's tomb."
As he walked down the hill toward his daughter's grave, he passed hundreds of tombs that had crumbled like chalk when the hillside gave way.
"I saw broken caskets. I saw skeletons," Viera said, recalling an awful stench.
He found that his daughter's tomb had cracked open on the side and that its marble slab cover had been blown off. Her coffin was still inside.
It wouldn't be for long.
A couple of weeks later, on the day after Christmas, he went to the health department and pulled an exhumation permit so he could remove Madeline's body and bury her somewhere else.
"I wasn't going to leave her there like that, exposed to the sun, the rain, the elements," Viera said.
He took a $12,000 loan and bought a plot in a private cemetery in the city of Arecibo, on Puerto Rico's northern coast.
"My daughter is my daughter, and I still love her even though she's dead. So I got her out of there. And a lot of people are doing the same thing."
A plan with many hurdles
Lares' mayor, Roberto Pagán Centeno, said the pressure he has gotten from constituents has been overwhelming. They come find him at City Hall, across from the Catholic Church on Lares' picturesque public square.
"Every day, I get people pleading with me to let them in to check on their families' tombs, or to clean them or take flowers," Pagán said. "It happens every day."
But the mayor tells them it's out of his hands. The health department's order to keep people out is still in effect. And he said it will be for the foreseeable future because work on the cemetery is still months off, if not more.
His plan to resolve what he called "the crisis" first requires opening a new cemetery in a barrio on the other side of town. Then, what would have once seemed unimaginable: Workers will exhume all 4,000 of the cadavers buried in the damaged tombs and take them to the new cemetery for reburial. The ground in the old cemetery will be stabilized, and only then, Pagán said, could the public be allowed back in to visit tombs in the undamaged sections.
The plan faces many hurdles. Among them are the fact that his town's government has neither the money nor the technical expertise to do the work on its own. When there was a smaller landslide at the cemetery five years ago, the National Guard was called in. Verifying the identities of all the transferred cadavers will be another hurdle, given that many tombs were dislocated.
"We are a small town with few resources," Pagán said. He said that despite promising to do so, the island's health secretary has failed to help. He said getting help from FEMA has also been a challenge. Only recently, the mayor said, did the island's interior secretary say he would get involved.
Eric Perlloni, a spokesman for Puerto Rico's health department, said that contrary to the mayor's claims that Puerto Rico's health secretary had promised to help, the agency's only role is to ensure that any work completed in the cemetery conforms to health and safety standards.
A spokeswoman for the island's interior secretary, Raúl Maldonado Gautier, did not respond to several requests for information.
In early October, a spokesman for the Federal Emergency Management Agency said the agency was processing a request from the mayor for $200,000 for work in the cemetery. He also said the agency was involved in plans to open a site for temporary burials until the permanent cemetery is complete. Last week, nearly two months later, a FEMA spokeswoman said there were "no updates" on either matter.
Laid to rest far from home
Meanwhile, in Lares, each day the cemetery remains closed seems to deepen the town's collective despair.
Luis Salcedo, who owns the town's oldest funeral home, said that beside the desperation many people feel at being unable to visit the tombs of their loved ones, the greatest source of pain is that the cemetery's closure also means new burials are prohibited. About 200 people die in Lares each year, Salcedo said, mostly lifelong residents who had expected to be buried in their hometown.
Their families are having to bury them in cemeteries far from home.
"I've never seen people with so much anguish in their faces, using language I never thought I'd hear from them," Salcedo said. "But it's happening. It's like a seething anger."
Later this month, residents plan to show their indignation at the lack of progress by marching to the cemetery's padlocked double gates in mournful protest, dressed in black.
When, in early September, Angélica Irizarry died of an embolism, her son Armando Colón was devastated to learn that she could not be buried in the Lares cemetery.
Irizarry had left Lares when she was around 15 and spent most of her life working at textile and car part factories in New Jersey. But she always dreamed of returning to the mountain town she left behind, and in 2010, when she was 70, she finally did.
"She wanted to be buried near her mother and father," Colón said. "Who doesn't want that?"
Instead, he had to go to the coastal town of Camuy and ask the mayor for permission to bury his mother in the municipal cemetery there. At her wake, a trio of musicians saw Irizarry off by singing the songs traditional to the communities of Puerto Rico's mountains. Then her casket was loaded into a hearse for her final ride down the mountains she loved.
It was a drive that Sotero Viera and Nereida Maldonado never thought they would have to make with their daughter Madeline.
But after exhuming her body from the Lares Municipal Cemetery in early January, they followed the hearse carrying her casket half an hour away to a private cemetery in Arecibo. At her gravesite, they found themselves living a nightmarish déjà vu.
Twenty-five years after Madeline Viera was killed in a carjacking at the age of 24, they were about to bury her for a second time — but this time, far from her hometown.
"We used to visit her almost every week," Maldonado said. "We kept her tomb immaculate, but now we can't. I still cry."
Maldonado said this was the worst trauma Hurricane Maria could have inflicted on them. It wasn't the damage to their house or the months without electricity. It was having to dig her daughter's body up and take it away.
When they lowered Madeline's casket into the ground at the new gravesite in Arecibo, Maldonado collapsed into her husband's arms.
"Can't you see?" he asked. "She relived all the anguish we'd already gone through all those years ago."
RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:
Puerto Rico is inching toward recovery. More than a year after Hurricane Maria, the power and running water are back for most people. Tourists are back, too. Still, there are many places that look just like they did after the storm. NPR's Adrian Florido reports from the site of the municipal cemetery in Lares, a town high up in the central mountain range.
ADRIAN FLORIDO, BYLINE: Hurricane Maria dropped so much rain on this old cemetery that the hillside it's built on collapsed. The landslide damaged almost 1,800 concrete tombs, cracking them, tearing them apart, sending caskets tumbling down the hill. The cemetery's been closed ever since. But people still show up at the locked double gates, anxious to get in. Jose Luis Rivera Lopez came from Philadelphia hoping to visit the graves of his parents. He points through the fence.
JOSE LUIS RIVERA LOPEZ: (Speaking Spanish).
FLORIDO: "See that palm tree over there?" he asks. "That is where my dad and my grandfather and my mom are." Then he points further down the hill, where you can make out all the cracked and damaged tombs.
RIVERA LOPEZ: (Speaking Spanish).
FLORIDO: "But way down there," he says, "that is where my sister is. The mudslide carried her casket away." On the locked gates keeping him out, there's a big sign. There will be no access until further notice, it reads.
RIVERA LOPEZ: (Speaking Spanish).
FLORIDO: Rivera says it hurts not being allowed in. "We all want to fix up our family's tombs," he says, "bring them flowers. But we can't because if we try to cross the fence, they'll arrest us."
RIVERA LOPEZ: (Speaking Spanish).
(SOUNDBITE OF CHURCH BELLS RINGING)
FLORIDO: Like most towns in Puerto Rico, Lares is built around a plaza, the Catholic church on one side, City Hall on the other. In his office there, Mayor Roberto Pagan Centeno says the destruction of the town's only cemetery and its indefinite closure has devastated residents.
ROBERTO PAGAN CENTENO: (Through interpreter) I get complaints every day. I get people pleading with me to let them in to check on their families' tombs or to clean them. It happens every day.
FLORIDO: His answer has been the same for the past year. He says it's out of his hands. Puerto Rico's health department has declared the cracked, open graves a critical health risk. The mayor says there's only one solution.
PAGAN CENTENO: (Through interpreter) We're going to have to exhume all of the bodies in the damaged tombs.
FLORIDO: Around 4,000 cadavers. His plan is to move them to a new cemetery if he can ever get it built. It's a huge project that the mayor says his town has neither the money nor the expertise for. He says the island's health secretary has promised to help but hasn't.
PAGAN CENTENO: (Through interpreter) There is a lot of talk, but so far there's been no concrete plans to resolve the situation.
FLORIDO: Meanwhile, people all over Lares have grown desperate and angry. Alongside one of Lares' narrow mountain roads stands the house of Sotero Viera and his wife, Nereida Maldonado. They sit on their porch and recount their ordeal. After the hurricane, Viera tried again and again to get into the Lares cemetery to check on their daughter Madeline's tomb. But he kept getting turned away. Finally, the old man had had enough. He pushed his way past a cemetery administrator, who threatened to call the police.
SOTERO VIERA: (Through interpreter) I told her, look, you go ahead and call the police. You can call the governor, too. Call the president. But I am going to go check on my daughter's tomb.
FLORIDO: The police came. They didn't arrest him. What Viera saw as he walked through the cemetery shocked him.
VIERA: (Through interpreter) I saw broken caskets. I saw skeletons. And there was a stench.
FLORIDO: When he reached his daughter's tomb, he saw the marble slab covering her coffin had been knocked off. He looked down and saw her casket. He covered the hole with a blue tarp he'd brought, the same kind others on the island were using as roofs. He went home and told his wife when he'd seen.
NEREIDA MALDONADO: (Through interpreter) My soul, my heart, my everything. We couldn't leave her there.
FLORIDO: It had been 25 years since they'd buried Madeline there. She was killed in a carjacking when she was 24. It didn't take long for Maldonado and Viera to reach the conclusion that officials were doing nothing to fix the cemetery. So Viera marched into the health department on the day after Christmas and he got a permit to exhume his daughter's body. He shows it to me.
VIERA: (Through interpreter) My daughter was my daughter, and I still love her even though she's dead. So I got her out of there. I took her away. And you know what? A lot of people are doing the same thing.
FLORIDO: Puerto Rico's health department says that since then more than 50 people have applied for permits to exhume bodies from the Lares municipal cemetery. Nereida Maldonado says this was the worst part of Hurricane Maria, not the damage to their house or the months without electricity. It was having to dig up their Madeline's body and rebury it in a cemetery far from home.
MALDONADO: (Through interpreter) We used to visit our daughter almost every week. We kept her tomb immaculate. And now we can't. I still cry.
FLORIDO: Sotero Viera says that when they lowered Madeline's casket into the ground for a second time, his wife collapsed into his arms.
VIERA: (Through interpreter) Don't you see? She was reliving all the anguish we'd already gone through so many years ago.
FLORIDO: The man who handled their daughter's burial both times is Luis Salcedo. He owns the oldest funeral home in Lares. He says what's happened at the cemetery has set off an emotional crisis in town, not just for the people whose relatives are or were buried in the cemetery, also for people whose relatives have recently died and had expected to be buried there. Instead, their families are having to bury their loved ones in cemeteries far from home.
LUIS SALCEDO: (Through interpreter) I've never seen people with so much anguish in their faces, using the kind of language I never thought I'd hear from them.
FLORIDO: Salcedo says, in Lares, everyone wants to know, when will this be fixed? More than a year after the hurricane, no one's provided any answers. Adrian Florido, NPR News, Lares, Puerto Rico. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.